Lab Testing Services Questions and Answers
At Lake Family Medicine & Imaging, our professionals offer a variety of lab tests to diagnose multiple diseases. For more information, call us or book an appointment online. We serve patients from Sanford, FL, and surrounding areas.
What are the types of laboratory tests?
There are many different tests used to detect and measure almost any type of chemical component – blood glucose, electrolytes, enzymes, hormones, lipids (fats), other metabolic substances, and proteins – in a sample of blood or urine. The common lab tests are:
- Complete Blood Count – also known as a CBC, is an essential in-depth blood test that allows a doctor to evaluate each type of cell in the blood: red and white blood cells, and platelets. The CBC is the most common blood test performed and in just one sample can provide information about a wide variety of medical issues. Along with helping to diagnose health conditions it is also used to monitor how the body reacts to different diseases or medical treatments.
- The 10-Panel drug test typically uses a urine sample screen and detects traces of ten different types of substances often associated with drug abuse. A common use is workplace drug testing, which may be required as a condition of employment, or if a person is suspected of abusing prescription or illegal drugs. It can also be used for medical screening, to provide legal or forensic evidence, sports/athletics testing, and monitoring the use of pain medication.
- A pregnancy test measures a hormone in the body called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and can be done as soon as 10 days after conception. Urine and blood tests can be used, and repeat testing may need to be done to confirm a pregnancy.
- Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) measures glucose, calcium, sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, chloride, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, albumin, total protein, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and bilirubin. It is often used to assess and monitor liver function, kidney function, and nutrient levels.
- Red blood cell count Red blood cells (also known as erythrocytes) are made in the bone marrow and contain hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen around the body. This test is most often done as part of a complete blood count and can help to diagnose anemia.
- White blood cell count is used to screen for, diagnose, treat and monitor a variety of conditions that can affect the white blood cells such as leukemia or lymphoma.
- Lipid panels are used in both children and adults to assess the risk of cardiovascular diseases like heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. The test measures the number of fat molecules called lipids in the blood, including several types of cholesterol.
- Urinalysis uses a small amount of urine to screen for, diagnose and/or monitor a number of diseases and conditions, such as kidney disorders or urinary tract infections (UTIs).
- Platelet count Platelets (also known as thrombocytes) are essential for the formation of blood clots. A low platelet count makes it difficult for the body to form blood clots which can result in excessive bleeding; on the flip side high platelet levels can cause too much clotting and clots can become lodged in the lungs, intestines, brain, or heart which can result in serious medical conditions.
- Alkaline phosphatase (AP) tests to screen, diagnose, and monitor liver diseases and other health conditions. AP is an enzyme found primarily in the liver, bones, intestine, and kidneys.
- The C-reactive protein (CRP) is a protein that is associated with inflammation in the body. A CRP test may be ordered if there are signs or symptoms of inflammation and to help treat a bacterial infection. It may also be used to monitor inflammation that occurs in some autoimmune diseases.
- Iron This blood test is used to determine blood iron levels, to help diagnose iron-deficiency anemia. This test may be ordered when a CBC shows low levels of hemaglobin or when a doctor suspects there is too little, or too much, iron in the body.
- Blood smear this test is ordered after receiving abnormal results from a CBC, or when there are signs and symptoms that a doctor suspects may be due to a condition affecting the blood cells. It can be used to help in all aspects of detection, diagnosis, and/or monitoring of a range of disorders involving blood cell production, function, and lifespan.
Do I have to make an appointment for lab testing?
Some tests will be ordered as part of a routine checkup, or as a result of a scheduled appointment for a specific concern. It will depend on the type of test, and there may be some for which a scheduled appointment is not needed. We will be happy to give you any information you require about whether or not you will need to make an appointment for a particular test.
When can I expect my lab test results back?
Lab test results can take minutes, days, or weeks to come back, depending on the test; check with your doctor at the time of the test – they should be able to give you an estimate.
What lab tests do you provide at your clinic?
Some of the tests we provide at Lake Family & Imaging are:
- Complete blood counts
- Blood panels
- pre-employment drug screens.
- Tests for sexually transmitted diseases
- Pregnancy tests
- Iron deficiency tests
- … and much more!
If you would like to know more about our onsite laboratory services, contact Lake Family Medicine & Imaging today! We serve patients from Sanford FL, Heathrow FL, Lake Mary FL, Midway FL, Longwood FL, Lake Monroe FL, and surrounding areas. We look forward to meeting you!